About 40 % of the general population in the region agrees. ‘The Arab and Chaldean communities in the Detroit region clearly have a strong sense of cultural and religious identity, and many of them say they need to make a greater effort to communicate with and be open to other Us citizens,’ Baker said. ‘They also believe that the fight against anti-Arab stereotypes and discrimination is vital. They want to enhance their relations with various other communities, achieve better representation in government and the media, and become more involved with American society while at exactly the same time keeping their culture alive in America.’ The Detroit Arab American Research research team also includes U-M researchers Sally Howell, Andrew Shryock, Ann Chih Lin and Tag Tessler.Earnings Highlights Summarized below are earnings highlights for the 4th quarter of 2010. All growth comparisons are for the fourth quarter of 2010 when compared to fourth quarter of 2009. Gross profit margin was 76.0 % compared to 74.0 % in 2009 2009. The increase was primarily attributable to the influence of foreign exchange price fluctuations in each period and positive price contribution. Operating income rose 7.3 % to $576 million, or 31.8 % of product sales. Non-GAAP adjusted operating income would have improved 9.3 % to $587 million, or 32.4 % of sales. This boost was attributable to solid sales growth, positive cost contribution and the short-term favorable impact of forex rates on gross revenue. Adjusted working income in the 4th one fourth of 2010 excluded $11 million in various other operating expenses related to the transformation of majority ownership and merger proposal from Novartis.